What Causes High Pressure in the eyes, and ways to reduce it?

In today’s fast lifestyle where we often take our health for granted, it is essential to pay attention to any symptoms and causes of illness, which involve eyes diseases such as glaucoma or high eye pressure. Just like we need balanced blood pressure, it is important to have balanced eye pressure for good eye health. The pressure in the eye is called intraocular pressure, and when that pressure is higher than normal, it is called ocular hypertension and for that, there are several medications such as bimatoprost or latanoprost ophthalmic solution

Ocular hypertension is not just an eye illness it is an indication that you have the probability of developing glaucoma. Generally, the pressure in your eye is measured in millimeters of mercury. The standard compression is 10-21 mm Hg and high intraocular pressure is usually more than 21 mm Hg, which leads to ocular hypertension. 

What Causes Ocular Hypertension?

Ocular hypertension is usually triggered because of high pressure in the eye, which is caused due to various reasons such as overrun of aqueous humor; a watery fluid in the eyes behind the iris. This fluid is quite essential to carry oxygen and nutrients to the lens and maintain eye pressure. When it is been produced at a higher rate, it can drain, which would lead to increased eye pressure. Another reason is any trauma to the eye can affect the aqueous production and drainage in the eye, which leads to high pressure. Trauma can distress your eyes ages after the actual damage occurred therefore consult your doctor if there has been an injury in the past. Steroid medications can also cause high pressure in the eyes, which also includes steroidal eye drops. Apart from all the above-mentioned reasons, eye conditions such as cornea arcus, pseudoexfoliation, or pigment dispersion syndrome can be related to ocular hypertension. 

Who is affected by Ocular Hypertension and how to detect it?

People above the age group of 40 have been found to have intraocular compression of 21 mm Hg or more. People with thin central corneas or near-sighted ones are said to have higher eye pressure. Also, race and family history play a major role in increasing the risk of high pressure or glaucoma. Ocular hypertension usually doesn’t show any symptoms. In an annual eye test, your doctor might use a tonometer to measure your IOP. They will also check for other eye diseases, such as glaucoma, and examine your peripheral vision. 

How to reduce the pressure?

Although eye diseases such as glaucoma cannot be reversed early treatment would be a lot more beneficial to reduce the symptoms. There are a plethora of prescription medications such as bimatoprost or latanoprost eye drops which are usually recommended in the initial stages of eye pressure. The ultimate goal of such eye drops is to maintain eye pressure. Then there are oral medications that can help in decreasing the pressure. 

Apart from the medical treatments, you can balance your eye pressure by changing your mundane routine, which will promote eye health. Exercising such as cardio can increase blood flow in your body which includes retina and optic nerves. Have a healthy diet of leafy vegetables and omega-3 fatty acids and rich in vitamin C, A, and E. Stress can be a factor for high eye pressure, and to help with that yoga and meditation are quite effective. Decrease caffeine intake can lower the pressure on your eye. And if none of this seems effective, then the last resort would be surgery or laser treatment. 

Getting your eye examined on regular basis is the only way to detect any eye conditions. It can be got into control with eye drops like latanoprost and with good lifestyle choices. 

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